On May 2000, the Government of Rwanda (GoR) adopted the National Decentralization Policy in order to ensure citizens participation in decision making, planning process and empower them in the fight against poverty. Since then, a number of important steps have been taken to ensure the implementation of the decentralization policy. Laws, policies, roles and responsibilities have been defined between different levels of the Rwandan administration with the aim of strengthening the capacity of local people to participate in their own development. Mechanisms that enable transfers of resources to local government have also been established.
The Rwanda Decentralization Strategic Framework (RDSF), adopted in August 2007, provides the basis for furthering the decentralization process from 2008 to 2012 in a comprehensive and coordinated manner. The Decentralization Implementation Program (DIP) has been elaborated by the GoR to implement the RDSF and addresses all the SAs of the RDSF. Its goal is to reach “sustainable economic growth and social development” and its purpose is to achieve “equitable, efficient and effective pro-poor services and local development in an environment of good governance”.
It is managed by the National Decentralization Implementation Secretariat (NDIS). The NDIS, being statutorily part of MINALOC, will work in close collaboration with the divisions of the ministry.